Sussex, from the Old English 'Sūþsēaxe' ('South Saxons'), is a historic county in the south east of England. The foundation story is regarded as somewhat of a myth by most historians, although the archaeology suggests that Saxons did start to settle in the area in the late 5th century. The Kingdom of Sussex became the county of Sussex; then after the coming of Christianity; the see originally founded in Selsey, was moved to Chichester in the 11th century. The See of Chichester was coterminous with the county borders. In the 12th century the see was split into two archdeaconries centred at Chichester and Lewes.
Although the name Sussex is derived from the Saxon period between AD 477 to 1066, the history of human habitation in Sussex goes back to the Old Stone (Paleolithic) Age. Sussex has been occupied since those times and although it has been an industrious county it has succumbed to various persecutions, wars, invasions, political unrest and migrations throughout its long history.
There are a variety of remains in the county from Roman times, coin hoards and decorated pottery have been found.
There are examples of Roman roads such as: Chichester to Silchester Way and Chichester to London Stane Street. Also a variety of buildings, the best known being Bignor Roman Villa and Fishbourne Roman Palace.
For more history on Sussex please visit http://www.sussexhistory.co.uk/